When we join all the food chains in an ecosystem we create a food web
If we look at the simple food web to the right, we can see 5 food chains.
You’ll notice that the Grasshopper, Lizard, Rabbit, and snake all have just one predator, while the mouse has 2.
Even the smallest change in an ecosystem can have serious consequences.
If we remove a top predator, then its prey will multiply and the population will grow. Meaning there is more pressure on the producers.
Eventually they will run out, possibly causing the death of the organisms.
If we remove the insects from this food web, the result will be an increase in slug and rabbit populations, since they have less competition for the grass.
However, Vole and Frog populations will decrease because there is less food for them.
Fox and Hawk population would probably stay the same, since rabbit and thrush populations would increase.
In the animation to the right, the orange bar represents population amounts.
1. Use the following words in a sentence (5 marks)
First order consumer, producers, photosynthesis, energy and top consumer
2. Using the following organisms, create a food web, with at least 3 food chains inside (4 marks)
Tree, Mouse, Hawk, Lizard, Grasshopper, Rabbit, Snake.
3. What do the arrows in a food chain represent (1 mark)
4. Why is it rare to have more than 5 consumers in a food chain? (3 marks)
5. In the food web bellow which organisms are the (10 marks)
6. From the food web above, write out the food chain, where there are four consumers (1 mark)
7. What is a requirement for an organism to be classified as a producer? (1 mark)