Organisms of the same species have similar characteristics to each other.
1.The are more distinguishable than organisms of a similar species.
2. Another key part of species is that they can interbreed and produce fertile offspring
Sometime members of a species are in different breeds, which show a great deal of variation between individuals.
However they can still interbreed and produce viable offspring.
Dogs are a great example.
To the right is a picture of a Liger. A cross between a male lion and female tiger.
To the left is an image of a Tigon. A cross between a male tiger and female lioness
A mule is the offspring of a male donkey and a female horse (left)
A wholphin (right) is a cross between a female bottlenose dolphin and a male killer whale.
Ring species – neighbouring populations of species may have slightly different characteristics but can still interbreed as part of a chain but the two ends of the chain can’t interbreed.
Sometimes classification can be complicated by:
Variation within a species
Hybridisation (Closely related species breed to produce offspring that have characteristics of both, however they are often infertile)